This page was last modified on 8 October 2020, at 13:19. Population, total - Spain ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. At EU-27 level, this proportion is projected to increase from 20.3 % to 31.3 % (a rise of 11.0 pp), while at country level the range of increase is projected between +8.3 pp in Germany (from 21.5 % to 29.8 %) and +17.2 pp in Luxembourg (from 14.4 % to 31.6%). the young age population is projected to decrease modestly due to a lower number of births; this narrowing process is known as ‘ageing at the bottom’ (of the population pyramid); the working-age population will shrink considerably between 2019 and 2100, thus further increasing the burden on those of working-age to sustain the dependent population; the elderly population is projected to grow much larger — as shown by the broadening at the top of the pyramid — reflecting the ageing of the EU’s population as a result of lower mortality rates; the number of centenarian women is projected to be considerably higher than the number of centenarian men. Already in 2060, the projections indicate that there will be fewer than two working-age persons for each elderly person in more than half of the EU-27 Member States. Median ages are projected to increase by +5.5 years for men (from 41.8 years in 2019 to 47.3 years in 2100) and by +4.9 years for women (from 44.8 years in 2019 to 49.7 years in 2100). Eurostat projections indicate that in 2100 there will be 16 EU Member States where the median age is likely to be higher than the EU-27 average. The size of a population changes in a dynamic fashion over time, as a function of three demographic events: births, deaths and migratory flows, each of which shapes the population’s structure over time. Maps 1 and 2 provide an alternative picture of the old-age dependency ratios in 2019 and 2100. "It's a very important social change compared to 30 years ago.". World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. The differences between these pyramids highlight the projected developments to take place in the structure of the EU population between 2019 and 2100: The 2019 population pyramid may be described as a rhomboid (a parallelogram where the adjacent sides are unequal), due to the relatively high number of men and women aged 45-55, a cohort who were born in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s. Eurostat’s population projections indicate that population ageing will continue across all of the EU-27 Member States and EFTA countries. In the United States there is a powerful middle class that, despite lack of aid, can cover the costs. More young adults do not want to have children. The largest reductions in population sizes by 2100 are projected in several eastern and southern EU Member States. This share is projected to fall continuously, down to 56.2 % by 2055, followed by a plateau at 56.1 % until 2070, then continuing its downward path to reach 54.8 % by 2100. A similar pattern of development is projected for the very old population as a share in the total population. By contrast, the old-age dependency ratio is projected to increase at a rapid pace through to 2045 reflecting the on-going process of retirement among the baby-boomers and subsequent age cohorts. Having the first child later means that the second one is also postponed, if it comes at all. ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. Christopher Columbus found the island in 1498. Population numbers are predicted to rise by more than 25.0 % in five countries: Malta (with an increase by 39.7 %), Ireland (up 34.8 %), Sweden (up 33.5 %), Cyprus (up 27.7 %) and Luxembourg (up 27.3 %). In 2019, the old-age dependency ratio ranged across the EU-27 Member States from lows of 20.7 % in Luxembourg to highs of 35.7 % in Italy and 35.1 % in Finland. Among these, there will be a relatively modest decline in the total number of inhabitants living in Spain, Czechia and Slovenia, where the population is expected to contract by less than 10 %. For six EU-27 Member States — Slovakia, Poland, Luxembourg, Romania, Ireland and Lithuania — the old-age dependency ratio is projected to more than double between 2019 and 2060. “All our life transitions are delayed. The current residents of Trinidad and Tobago today are descended from these two groups. The proportion of the EU-27 population aged 80 years and over stood at 5.8 % in 2019 and is projected to reach 14.6 % by 2100 ( up by +8.8 pp). The latest data from Eurostat, in 2017, shows that the average is 1.6 children per woman. Each pyramid shows the distribution of the population by sex and by five-year age group, with bars corresponding to the share of the given sex and age group in the total population; the sex and age structure of a population determines the ultimate shape of each population pyramid. The projections should not be considered as forecasts, as they show what would happen to the resulting population structure if the set of assumptions are held constant over the entire time horizon under consideration; in other words, the projections are ‘what-if’ scenarios that track population developments under a set of assumptions. The EU-27’s population is projected to be lower in 2100 than it was in 2019 and its structure will be increasingly old, with a considerable reduction in the number and share of working-age persons. miles). a mixture of positive and negative natural population changes — for the five remaining EU-27 Member States (Czechia, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania). Last year was the fourth consecutive year where births fell across the country, and where Spain experienced a natural population decrease: in 2018 there were 54,944 more deaths than births. There are 1,058,554 adults in Trinidad and Tobago. The Changing World Population Pyramid. Demographic dependency ratios are based on the age structure of the population rather than their employment status. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. “The data shows that something isn’t right, especially in the 30-to-40s age group. Births have been declining in the first six months of the year for five consecutive years now. “The main thing to focus on is the growing gap between the number of desired children (around two) and the number of children that people actually have,” explains Albert Esteve, a demographer and director of Barcelona’s Center for Demographic Studies. Eurostat’s projections indicate that for all 31 European countries the share of the total population aged 80 years and over will be higher than 12.0 % by 2100. The EU-27’s population is projected to increase from 446.8 million in 2019 and peak to 449.3 million in 2026 (+0.6 %), then gradually decrease to 441.2 million in 2050 and to 416.1 million in 2100, thus with an overall decrease of 30.8 million (-6.9 %) from 2019 to 2100 (see Figure 1). Over the next eight decades, the median age of the EU-27 total population is likely to increase by 5.1 years, from 43.7 years in 2019 to 48.8 years in 2100. This is a decrease of -0.21 % (-94,826 people) compared to population of 45,809,435 the year before. “The obstacles are very significant.”, Castro believes that’s where there is room for improvement, but Esteve is skeptical. In 2018, there were 372,777 births, the lowest figure registered in the last two decades. I’m more pessimistic about fertility,” he explains. By 2100 the situation is projected to changed considerably, with the old-age dependency ranging from 52-55 % in Cyprus, Sweden, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Belgium, Ireland and the Netherlands up to highs of 63.2 % in Poland and 62.4 % in Italy. The proportion of children is projected to decrease in both relative and absolute terms, from a share of 15.2 % (67.8 million) at the beginning of 2019 to 13.9 % (58.0 million) by 2100, with the share falling to a low of 13.6 % during the years 2035-2045. Teresa Castro, a demographer for the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) agreed with this: “It’s not a disaster. Eurostat’s projections indicate that there will be considerable differences in natural population changes developments during the period from 2019 to 2100, with: Migratory patterns — immigration and emigration — also have an impact on population age structures, resulting from either positive net migration (more people arriving in a country than leaving it) or negative net migration (more people leaving a country than arriving). The number of very old people — defined here as those aged 80 years and over — in the total EU-27 population is projected to more than double both in absolute and relative terms: from 26.0 million in 2019 (5.8 %) to 60.8 million (14.6 %) in 2100. Lower increases by less than 10 % are projected in six countries: Denmark, Austria, the Netherlands, France, Belgium and Germany. This article focuses on the likely developments of the population size and structure for all European Union (EU) Member States and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries, covering the period 2019 to 2100, based on the latest EUROPOP2019 population projections released by Eurostat at the end of April 2020. The 2019 population density in Spain is 94 people per Km 2 (243 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 498,800 Km2 (192,588 sq. And if you make the decision to have a child late in life, you can also have fertility problems,” Castro says. In more than half (19) of the EU Member States, the old-age dependency ratio is projected to be higher than 50.0 % by 2060 — in other words, there will be fewer than two working-age persons for each person aged 65 and over. 96% of the population lives on Trinidad while 4% live in Tobago. Cyprus is projected to have the youngest population in 2100, with a median age of 46.6 years followed closely by Sweden (46.9 years). During the first six months of the year only three Spanish regions had more births than deaths (Madrid, Murcia and the Balearic Islands, as well as the exclave cities of Ceuta and Melilla). As of 1 January 2020, the population of Spain was estimated to be 45,714,609 people. By 2100 there will be fewer than two persons of working-age for each elderly person. Some point out that it’s due to economic and job-related impediments ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. Despite its rather low population, Trinidad and Tobago is densely populated with just 5,131 square kilometers of land. Population source: ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. This year, the drop was 6.2% down from 2018. Among these, the median age is expected to rise above 50.0 years in six countries: Poland (51.5 years), Malta (51.4 years), Italy (51.3 years), Finland (50.8 years), Croatia (50.5 years) and Spain (50.2 years) by 2100. To visit EL PAÍS with the best experience, update it to the latest version or download one of the following supported browsers: The number of babies born in Spain continues to fall to record lows. Population Pyramids: Spain - 2019. Among the 31 European countries, 23 had more than 50 dependents for every 100 working-age persons in 2019 and by 2100 it is projected that all countries will have more than 76 dependents per 100 working-age persons. Figure 6 shows that during the period 2019 to 2100, the median age of the EU-27 population is projected to increase by 5.1 years to reach 48.8 years in 2100. - The above is generated with R code with some minor video post-processing. The country is dominated by two ethnic groups: the Africans and the Indians. positive natural change over the entire projections horizon — for 10 EU-27 Member States (Germany, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia and Sweden), and two EFTA countries (Norway and Switzerland); negative natural change over the entire projections horizon — for 12 EU-27 Member States (Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Croatia, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia and Finland) and two EFTA countries (Iceland and Liechtenstein); and.
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