After Matthias's accession as Holy Roman Emperor, his policy was dominated by Klesl, who hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. His work is noted in Article 13 of the 1579 Union of Utrecht, which established freedom of religion as a locally determined issue. In 1605 Matthias forced the ailing emperor to allow him to deal with the Hungarian Protestant rebels. Matthias (24 February 1557 – 20 March 1619) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. In the same year Matthias was recognized as head of the House of Habsburg and as the future Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of Rudolf's illness. In about 1598 he met Melchior Klesl, a cleric who became his principal adviser and was to play an important role in imperial affairs. He formed a close association there with the Bishop of Vienna, Melchior Klesl, who later became his chief adviser. Matthias; Matthias avec la couronne impériale. Matthias's conciliatory policies were opposed by the more intransigent Catholic Habsburgs, particularly Matthias's brother Archduke Maximilian, who hoped to secure the succession for the inflexible Catholic Archduke Ferdinand (later Emperor Ferdinand II). He … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, 1557-1619 Title ; Close. At that time the Principality of Transylvania was a fully autonomous, but only semi-independent state under the nominal suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, where it was the time of the Sultanate of Women. In 1605 Matthias forced the ailing emperor to allow him to deal with the Hungarian Protestant rebels. He set down the rules for religious peace within most of the United Provinces. [2] Matthias continued as titular governor for the rebels until they deposed Philip II and declared full independence in 1581, at which point he returned home to Austria. After Matthias's accession as Holy Roman Emperor, his policy was dominated by Klesl, who hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. etc. Matthias had been imperial commander in chief against the Turks in 1594–95 and 1598–1601. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. In the same year Matthias was recognized as head of the House of Habsburg and as the future Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of Rudolf's illness. Matthias, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania and Bulgaria, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. Sponsors. Matthias died in Vienna in 1619. Updates? His work is noted in Article 13 of the 1579 Union of Utrecht, which established freedom of religion as a locally determined issue. He also ended a Hungarian rebellion by negotiating a peace in 1606 that granted the estates religious freedom and some measure of political autonomy. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. Matthias (24 February 1557 – 20 March 1619) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. Matthias, saint empereur romain - Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1606 they recognized Matthias, whose elder brother Ernest had died in 1595, as head of the family and as heir to the throne. Matthias, old and ailing, was unable to prevent a takeover by Maximilian's faction. Matthias married Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of his uncle Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, whose successor in Further Austria Matthias became in 1595. PEAKE(1874) p342 Matthias.jpg 583 × 1,014; 375 KB. Matthias died the following year. Media in category "Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor" The following 62 files are in this category, out of 62 total. The resulting Bohemian Revolt of 1618 became the first hostile act of the Thirty Years’ War. In 1578, Matthias was invited to the Netherlands by the States-General of the rebellious provinces, who offered him the position of Governor-General. After his succession to the imperial throne on Rudolf’s death in 1612, Matthias increasingly withdrew from public life, leaving Klesl in charge of most affairs of state. The imperial Diet had been paralyzed since 1608 over disputes between Protestant and Catholic princes, but Matthias and Klesl failed in their attempts to reconcile both parties, while the younger Habsburg archdukes encouraged Germany’s Catholic princes to further intransigence. Social Networks and Archival Context. Allying himself with the estates of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia, Matthias forced his brother to yield rule of these lands to him in 1608; Rudolf later ceded Bohemia in 1611. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1593 he was appointed governor of Austria by his brother, Emperor Rudolf II. When, by the turn of the century, Rudolf became increasingly unbalanced and unable to conduct the affairs of state, the archdukes of the House of Habsburg pressed for a succession settlement. Matthias's conciliatory policies were opposed by the more intransigent Catholic Habsburgs, particularly Matthias's brother Archduke Maximilian, who hoped to secure the succession for the inflexible Catholic Archduke Ferdinand (later Emperor Ferdinand II). Matthias imprisoned Georg Keglević who was the Commander-in-chief, General, Vice-Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia and since 1602 Baron in Transylvania, but soon left him free again. The start of the Bohemian Protestant revolt in 1618 provoked Maximilian to imprison Klesl and revise his policies. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Matthias.

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