A LISP program is a function applied to data, A LISP program is a function applied to data, rather than being a sequence of procedural steps as in FORTRAN and ALGOL. Extensible from the Inside-Out. LISP, a computer programming language developed about 1960 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Object-Oriented. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). LISP was founded on the mathematical theory of recursive functions (in which a function appears in its own definition). Functional. The language Fortran is older by one year. "CLHS: About the Common Lisp HyperSpec: Authorship Information", "Common Lisp the Language: Type declarations", "My Lisp Experiences and the Development of GNU Emacs", "[Sweng-gamedev] Higher Level Languages (Was: Next Gen Multiplatform Load Balancing)", "Le_Lisp,a portable and efficient Lisp system", Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, "A Language for Concurrent Symbolic Computation", Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Lisp-family_programming_languages&oldid=943735829, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A Computational Logic for Applicative Common Lisp consists of a, Built to include and use with the full version of, Common Lisp enhanced and standardized, published in, Lisp dialect first standardized in a book, ", Mostly based on Scheme and Common Lisp, was designed as system and application programming language by Apple; first used to write an operating system and applications for internal prototypes of the later released Apple Newton computer; first official version of Apple Dylan also had, Programming environment built around a version of Lisp language; development began in 1967 at, Small core language to help bridge the gap between differing Lisp dialects. Computers host websites composed of HTML and send text messages as simple as...LOL. Updates? Lisp was invented by John McCarthy in 1958 while he was at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Hack into this quiz and let some technology tally your score and reveal the contents to you. https://www.britannica.com/technology/LISP-computer-language, Artificial intelligence programming language. Designed by Jérôme Chailloux, Emmanuel St. James, Sometimes named Zetalisp, is a direct descendant of, Tail-recursive dynamically bound Lisp dialect inspired by its predecessor, Standard Lisp and the Portable Lisp Compiler; it implements the, Small Scheme implementation, written in C, made to embed in C programs, Consists of a Lisp dialect (TXR Lisp) and a pattern language for processing text (TXR Pattern Language), This page was last edited on 3 March 2020, at 17:03. Corrections? Coeditor of. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mature & Stable.  Lisp, like Fortran, has changed a lot since its early days, and many dialects have existed over its history. LISP became a common language for artificial intelligence (AI) programming, partly owing to the confluence of LISP and AI work at MIT and partly because AI programs capable of “learning” could be written in LISP as self-modifying programs. For example, (+ a (* b c)) stands for a + b*c. Although this appears awkward, the notation works well for computers. Today, the most widely known general-purpose Lisp dialects are Common Lisp and Scheme. The functional programming language Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming … LISP, in full list processing, a computer programming language developed about 1960 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Fast. Today, the most widely known general-purpose Lisp dialects are Common Lisp and Scheme. LISP has evolved through numerous dialects, such as Scheme and Common LISP. LISP uses a very simple notation in which operations and their operands are given in a parenthesized list. Professor Emeritus, Department of Computer Science, Union College, Schenectady, New York. RubyNodeCommon Lisp025005000750010000125001500017500. Common Lisp. LISP was founded on the mathematical theory of recursive functions (in which a function appears in its own definition). The functional programming language Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language with direct descendants and closely related dialects still in widespread use today. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. LISP also uses the list structure to represent data, and, because programs and data use the same structure, it is easy for a LISP program to operate on other programs as data. Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Part of what makes Lisp distinctive is that it is designed to evolve. Requests per second using Woo, an … Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language after Fortran and has changed a great deal since its early days, and a number of dialects have existed over its history. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer.
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