This island country gives new mothers 18 weeks of maternity leave. That comes out to 9.6 weeks at full-time pay. In fact, a 1996 report to the US Congress on family and medical leave policies (Note 2) found that 100 per cent of the women eligible for leave who did not take it said that they could not afford to. The countries that have the longest minimum paid maternity leaves are: These are the minimum required weeks for maternity leave. This Northern European country provides 16 weeks of maternity leave at a pay rate of 80%. In Mexico, two major banks and a power company provide one to four weeks more leave than the 12 weeks mandated by law. The state of Washington passed a state-mandated paid leave program in 2017; it will take effect at the start of 2020. In other countries, employers are required to pay all or part of the benefits. Eight states – California, New Jersey, Rhode Island, New York, Washington state, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Oregon – plus the District of Columbia have passed their own paid family leave laws. Employment Protection: The ILO says that an essential element in maternity protection is a legal guarantee to pregnant women and young mothers that they will not lose their jobs as a result of pregnancy, absence on maternity leave or the birth of a child. The US has no federal law guaranteeing women (or men) paid time off after they have a baby. In Belgium, the 15 weeks of maternity are paid at a rate of 64.1% of the previous salary. Croatia sits on the higher end of the spectrum by offering 30 weeks of fully-paid maternity leave. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. Research shows that paid maternity leave is good for individuals, businesses, and the economy. Known for its bikes, canals, and tulip fields, the Netherlands offers its new moms 16 weeks of fully-paid maternity leave. All the countries in the top 10 are in Europe, according to an analysis of maternity leave in 42 countries by the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Sweden is ranked by Unicef as the world’s most family-friendly country and 17th for maternity leave. The ILO analyses how 152 member countries treat women of child-bearing age in both law and practice, and how these countries' legislation compares to ILO international standards. Despite the allotted amount of time, New Zealand's pregnant Prime Minister, whose baby is due on June 17, 2018, will only take six weeks of maternity leave, according to The Straits Times. In China, Haiti and Romania, the period of protection corresponds to just the nursing period, which is not further defined. The least generous member of the OECD, a group of industrialized nations, is the United States, which does not guarantee women any paid maternity leave. Most developed nations pay new mothers at least half of her previous salary during their time off, according to a report by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that studied maternity leave in 42 countries around the world. After that, monthly payments drop considerably until the child turns three. Instant Offices have looked at which countries have the most progressive approaches into maternity leave around the world. Some examples include a minimum of three months of employment in Switzerland; six months in Libya, Syria (in agriculture) and Somalia; six months during the year preceding the birth in Egypt and the Philippines; one year in Australia, Bahamas, Jamaica, Mauritius, Namibia, New Zealand and United Arab Emirates, and two years in Gambia and Zambia. In countries where social security systems are still weak, coverage is quite limited. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. Three major trends have marked changes in law and practice concerning the occupational safety and health of pregnant women and nursing mothers since 1952, the report finds. "In all parts of the world, working women who become pregnant are faced with the threat of job loss, suspended earnings and increased health risks due to inadequate safeguards for their employment," says F. J. Dy-Hammar, Chief, ILO Conditions of Work Branch, who oversaw the report, Maternity Protection at Work. That includes birth and adoptive parents of any gender. Some countries pay mothers the same amount as the. since. All female employees with permanent contracts are entitled to take leave – in fact it is obligatory to take six weeks before the birth and 12 weeks after. The smallest amount of paid leave required in any of the other 40 nations is about two months. In 20 of 41 countries, the majority of all paid leave available is allocated for maternity leave. All the countries in the top 10 are in Europe, according to an analysis of maternity leave in 42 countries by the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). However, there are a handful of exceptions. While paid leave is dominated by leave for mothers, leave earmarked specifically for fathers is now available in 34 of the 41 countries represented in the data. (Leave information comes from a 2014 ILO report on parental leave.) Norwegian mothers are allowed 13 weeks off and they're paid almost the equivalent of their full salary — 97.9%. While the law requires a minimum of 12 weeks of unpaid leave for new parents, companies have the option to extend the number of weeks and offer a partial salary to parents, although this is not required. Most developed nations pay new mothers at least half of her previous salary, paid maternity leave is good for individuals, businesses, and the economy, Maternity leave must start eight weeks before the due date, Belgian moms can opt to take eight months of part-time leave, four weeks before the birth and 14 weeks after, German birth rate is at its highest level in decades, Israel had the highest birth rate out of any OECD country, birth and marriage in Japan are at a record low. In many countries, the number of women entitled to maternity protection has increased mainly because of the extension of social security plans to women who were not previously covered, such as agricultural and domestic workers and the self-employed. Those six weeks are, however, fully-paid. Parental leave can then be taken by mothers and fathers at a percentage of earnings until the baby’s first birthday, but it is usually taken by women. Around the world, the number of weeks allowed for maternity leave and the percentage of pay varies by country. © 2020 Cable News Network. Second edition. That may not seem like an awful lot, but it's vastly superior to the countries which don't offer any paternity leave at all. More than 120 Nations Provide Paid Maternity Leave. The standard was revised in 1952 and now calls for a minimum 12-week leave although a 14-week leave is recommended. Just 31 countries mandate a maternity leave of less than 12 weeks. Israel had the highest birth rate out of any OECD country in 2016, according to the Times of Israel. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. Today, more than 50 countries offer six months or more of paid maternity leave, with many even offering paid paternal leave for 14 weeks or more. Maternity and paternity leave both fall under parental leave which is 12 months unpaid and for which parents can claim 18 weeks leave pay, based on the national minimum wage. Turns out it doesn’t really. In other cases, it is available to either parent. Related: It's good to be a working parent in Europe. In comparison, Estonia offers more than a year and a half of paid leave to new parents – by far the highest benefit provided by any of the countries represented. If they were fully-paid, that leave would come out to 8.9 weeks. In the United States, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a law that requires covered employers to provide at least 12 weeks of unpaid family leave time after the birth of a child or after the adoption of a child. What Countries Have Paid Maternity Leave? When Australia passed a parental leave law in 2010, it left the U.S. as the only industrialized nation not to mandate paid leave for mothers of newborns. They add up to a whopping 166 weeks, which work out at 85 weeks at full pay, according to the OECD. These are Bahrain, Belize, Benin, Botswana Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, India, Israel, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Uganda and Uruguay. US Department of Labor, 1996. Italy's birth rate is on the decline, according to The Local Italy, with 9,000 fewer babies born in 2017 than in 2016. A minimum length of service with the same employer is the most common condition of maternity leave. Source: International Labour Organization, 1998. Many countries give parents the option to extend their leave. Part-time and temporary workers may have difficulty meeting eligibility requirements. And in Korea, men are allotted the equivalent of about 15 weeks of paid leave. The Czech Republic pays new mothers 62.6% of their salary for 28 weeks, making the equivalent time off with full-time pay 17.5 weeks. With the equivalent of around half a year’s pay, Chile has a comparatively generous maternity leave package. That comes out to 7.7 weeks of full-time paid time off. In fully-paid time off, this would amount to 15.3 weeks. Many companies that offer maternity leave for mothers will allow the same for father, typically referred to as paternity leave. After that, women can take a further 12 weeks or transfer it to the child’s father. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. In Poland, maternity leave comes in at 20 weeks — and mothers are paid their full salary. There, moms get almost 18 weeks of paid maternity leave and dads get two weeks of paid paternity leave. As the OECD notes, not all the time off given to expecting moms is fully paid. Health Protection for Mother and Child: The ILO says that special workplace protection is required for working women because pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period are three phases in a woman's reproductive life in which special health risks exist. Like what you see here? Slovenian mothers get 15 weeks of leave and they're paid the equivalent of their full former salary. All Rights Reserved. Currently, New Zealand offers new mothers up to 18 weeks of paid leave at 42% pay. In India alone, an estimated 60 million people live in households maintained only by women. New moms in Denmark get 18 weeks off work and are paid 53.6% of their salary. In addition to giving women the most time off, Bulgaria also received top marks in terms of pay rate. The final 13 weeks are not paid. Fathers are allowed four weeks at full salary. Mothers are allowed 18 weeks of maternity leave at full salary. Beyond Childbirth: The report also analyses how countries are adapting to the needs of working families with legislation for parental, paternity and adoption leave. The US is the only OECD country without a national statutory paid maternity, paternity or parental leave. In the United States, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 provided a total of 12 work weeks of unpaid leave during any 12-month period for the birth of a child and the care of the newborn.
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