The subsequent history of the dukedom and its subordinate principalities was characterized by numerous divisions and reunifications. While the Elder House became extinct in the male line with the death of Duke Welf of Carinthia in 1055, his sister Kunigundemar… House of Welf Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg After 1582. Whenever a branch of the family died out in the male line, the territory was given to another line, as the duchy remained enfeoffed to the family as a whole rather than its individual members. House of WelfCounts of GenoaMargraves of MilanDukes of BavariaAncient arms, House of WelfDukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg1367-1482, House of WelfDukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg1482-1582, House of WelfDukes of Brunswick-LüneburgAfter 1582, House of WelfCounts Palatine of the Rhine, Otto IV of WelfHoly Roman Emperor1209–1215King of the Romans1198–1209, House of MalaspinaLords of LunigianaMarquises of Mulazzo, Castevollo and Villafranca, House of PallaviciniPatricians in GenoaCounts of PallaviciniMarquises of Scipione, House of EsteLords, Marquises and Dukes of Ferrara and Modena, House of EppanCounts of EppanIllegitimate line, House of GrubenhagenDukes of Brunswick-LüneburgPrinces of Grubenhagen, House of WolfenbüttelDukes of Brunswick-LüneburgPrinces of WolfenbüttelSovereign Dukes of Brunswick, House of HanoverDukes of Brunswick-LüneburgPrince-Electors of HanoverKings of Great Britain and Ireland, Albrecht IIDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgPrince of Grubenhagen1361-1383, Lords, Marquises and Dukes of Ferrara and Modena, Kings of the Romans & Holy Roman Emperors, http://wappenwiki.org/index.php?title=House_of_Welf&oldid=87417. The next duke of the Welf dynasty Henry the Lion recovered his father's two duchies, Saxony in 1142, Bavaria in 1156 and thus ruled vast parts of Germany. The subordinate states had the legal status of principalities within the duchy, which remained as an undivided imperial fief. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Religion-driven politics placed Ernest Augustus's wife Sophia of the Palatinate in the line of succession to the British crown by the Act of Settlement 1701, written to ensure a Protestant succession to the thrones of Scotland and England at a time when anti-Catholic sentiment ran high in much of Northern Europe and Great Britain. His first cousin, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, tried to get along with him, but when Henry refused to assist him once more in an Italian war campaign, conflict became inevitable. Welf II, Duke of Bavaria married Countess Matilda of Tuscany, who died childless and left him her possessions, including Tuscany, Ferrara, Modena, Mantua, and Reggio, which played a role in the Investiture Controversy. In 1070, Welf IV became duke of Bavaria. He incurred the wrath of Pope Innocent III and was excommunicated in 1215. Henry made his peace with the Hohenstaufen Emperor in 1185, and returned to his much diminished lands around Brunswick without recovering his two duchies. Her husband Henry the Proud became then the favoured candidate in the imperial election against Conrad III of the Hohenstaufen. From their marriage descended Dukes of Bavaria and Saxony, and the later Dukes of Braunschweig and Kings of Hanover and Great Britain. It has not been definitively clarified, however, whether the two groups formed one dynasty or whether they shared the same name by coincidence only. Media in category "House of Welf" The following 61 files are in this category, out of 61 total. In 1269 the Principality of Brunswick was formed following the first division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Media in category "House of Welf" The following 61 files are in this category, out of 61 total. The first member was Welf I, Duke of Bavaria, also known as Welf IV; he inherited the property of the Elder House of Welf when his maternal uncle Welf III, Duke of Carinthia and Verona, the last male Welf of the Elder House, died in 1055. In 1168 he married Matilda (1156–1189), the daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and sister of Richard I of England, gaining ever more influence. Colloquially the Electorate was known as the Electorate of Hanover. The Arthurverse Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. House of Welf Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg After 1582. Henry the Lion (1130–1195), Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Matilda Plantagenet (1156–1189), wife of Henry the Lion, sister of Richard I of England, Henry's Dankwarderode Castle in Brunswick, Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, son of Henry the Lion and Matilda of England. Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, from 1120–1126, was the first of the three dukes of the Welf dynasty called Henry. In 1432 the estates gained by the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel between the Deister and Leine split away as the Principality of Calenberg. The House of Welf (German: Haus von Welf), also Guelf or Guelph, is a German dynasty that currently rules the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg and is one of the current major powers in the Holy Roman Empire. Welf IV was the son of Welf III's sister Kunigunde of Altdorf and he… Henry's son Otto of Brunswick was elected King of the Romans and crowned Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV after years of further conflicts with the Hohenstaufen emperors. The House of Welf is the older branch of the House of Este, a dynasty whose earliest known members lived in Lombardy in the 9th century, sometimes called Welf-Este. In 1814 it was succeeded by the Kingdom of Hanover. Kunigunde of Altdorf, sister of Welf III, wife of Albert Azzo II of Este, Margrave of Milan, parents of Welf IV, Welf I, Duke of Bavaria (c. 1030/1040 – 1101). Maison de Welf - House of Welf. New territory was added in 1665, and in 1705 the Principality of Luneburg was taken over by the Hanoverians. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the Kingdom was ruled as personal union by the British crown from its creation under George III of the United Kingdom, the last elector of Hanover until the death of William IV in 1837. Nevertheless, an early ancestor may have been the Frankish nobleman Ruthard (d. before 790), a count in the Argengau and administrator of the Carolingian king Pepin the Younger in Alamannia. Henry the Lion recovered his father's two duchies, Saxony in 1142, Bavaria in 1156 and thus ruled vast parts of Germany. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Their son, Henry the Proud was the son-in-law and heir of Emperor Lothair of Supplinburg and became also duke of Saxony on Lothair's death. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Bavaria had been given to Otto I, Duke of Bavaria, and the Duchy of Saxony was divided between the Archbishop of Cologne, the House of Ascania and others. In 1692 Duke Ernest Augustus from the Calenberg-Hanover Line acquired the right to be a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire as the Prince-Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Coat of Arms of the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1708).

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